Hemo Practice Test 3 Enter your text here Name Email The main purpose of the Nephron is to:Form the cortex of the kidney.Eliminate excess water and waste and keep what the body needs.Protect the kidney from outside hazards.Maintain the fluid inside the body.Which one is a dangerous infection in hemodialysis?Sore throat infection.Common Cold.Blood stream infection.Skin infection.Anemia is a shortage of ______:Sodium.Energy.Red blood cells.Fluid.Patients who receive a transplant should take ________________ for the rest of their life.Blood pressure medication.Blood sugar medication.Immunosuppressant.Antacids.Where are the kidneys located:In the front part of the abdomen.On the back part of the body just above the waist.On the back part of the body below the waist.In the right side of the chest.The nephron is divided into two main components:Glomerulus & TubuleBowman’s capsule & Proximal tubuleRenal vein and renal arteryCortex and papillaWhat are the three transplant options? Blood relative, non-relative and deceased donor.Blood relative, auto transplant using stem cells, and living donor list.Non-relative, antibodies living donor list and PKD deceased donor list.None of the aboveThe kidneys help remove fluid that is in: Vessels (Intravascular)SkinLegsFaceA Kilogram (Kg) is equal to ____ pounds (Lb). 21.2202.2Which of the following is LEAST likely to be a common psychological reaction for patients beginning maintenance dialysis?Depression.Denial.Anxiety.Guilt.Patients in hemodialysis could present malnutrition due to lack of appetite as a consequence of what:Uremia.High blood pressure.High blood sugar.None of the above.Symptoms of high sodium (hypernatremia) can include:Increased itching and hunger.Intense thirst, seizures and death.Increase urine and vomits.Intense perspiration and fever.The dialysis staff should not eat or drink in the dialysis treatment area of laboratory primarily because doing so Causes unpleasant odorsIs unprofessionalIs upsetting to patientsMay spread infectionWhat is diffusion?Movement of solutes from an area of high concentration of solutes to an area of low concentration of solutes.Movement of fluid and solutes from one area to another.Movement of solutes from an area of low concentration of solutes to an area of high concentration of solutes.Movement of fluid to from one area to another.Which of the following descriptions best defines diffusion?Water molecules moving from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration until equilibrium is reached.Water molecules moving from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration until equilibrium is reached.Particles, in a solution, moving from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration until equilibrium is reached.Water movement across a membrane in response to a hydrostatic differential.16. Uremia is a buildup of ______ in the blood: fluidred blood cellswastesbacteriaWhat is PKD?Positive kidney disease.Polycystic kidney disease.Power of kidney disease.Program for kidney diseaseAmyloidosis can cause:Headache.Carpal tunnel syndrome.Low blood pressure.Anemia.What is the single most important step in infection control?Hand wash.PPE.Clean your areas.Disinfect your areas.What are the treatment options for CKD stage 5?Peritoneal dialysis, medication and plenty of water.Transplant, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis.Hemodialysis, medications and salty foods.Phosphorus binders and water.Calcitriol is a hormone created by ______:The kidneys.The heart.The liver.The heart.What are the types of vascular accesses for Hemodialysis?AV Fistula, AV Graft and CVC (Central Vein Catheter).AV Fistula, CVC (Central Vein Catheter) and Peritoneal Catheter.AV Graft, AV Fistula and Peritoneal Catheter.AV Graft, CVC (Central Vein Catheter) and Peritoneal Catheter.Which ones are the two main types of dialysis?Nocturnal and home hemodialysisHemodialysis and Peritoneal DialysisPeritoneal dialysis and transplantNocturnal in-center dialysisThe “intravascular fluid” is fluid inside the: AbdomenVessels (Eg. veins, arteries)HeartLungsESRD means:End Stage Renal DiseaseEnding Symptoms of Rennin DisplacementExtra Satisfactory Renal DomainEnd Story for Robot DialectNeuropathy is:Nerve damage.Low blood pressure.Low red blood cells.Back pain.Patients with which of the following indicate the need for universal precautions?Hepatitis BHIV or AIDSVRE or MRSAAll patientsWhat does PPE stand for?Personal problems executed.Personal Protective Equipment.Personal Power Example.Period Protection Environment.The two main types of kidney disease are: High blood pressures (HBP) and diabetes disease (DM).Acute kidney failure (AKF) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).Cancer (CA) and Polycystic Kidney disease (PKD).Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and polycystic kidney disease (PKD).How does infection happen?Bacteria – Vehicle – Susceptible HostSusceptible host- bacteria – vehicleVehicle – bacteria – Susceptible hostNone of the above.Which of the following are some of the factors that contribute to anemia in a dialysis patients?1 and 2 only.1, 2 and 3.2 and 3 only.1 and 3 only.The #1 cause of kidney failure in the US is:High blood pressure.PKD.Diabetes type 2.Diabetes type 1.What is chronic kidney disease?Long, slow process of Nephron loss.Sudden loss of Nephron.Sudden loss of Neurons.Long, slow process of Neuron loss.Pruritis is severe______:Pain.Hunger.Itching.Thirst.The kidney cells are called: NeuronsStem cells.Nephrons.Melanocytes.Sleep apnea is ____Pain problem.Elimination problem.Sleeping problem.Red blood cell problem.The kidney functions include: Removal of wastes, fluid and electrolyte balance, blood pressure control, maintain acid base balance and make hormones.Remove wastes, keep fluid inside the body, give energy, fight bacteria.Blood pressure control, weight management, removal of fat.Removal of bacteria, blood pressure control, make hormones.Phosphorus binders help decrease _____ levels in blood.Calcium.Potassium.Phosphorus.Sodium.In which stage is dialysis started or patient receives a transplant?Stage 1Stage 3Stage 2Stage 5Symptoms of high potassium(hyperkalemia) include:Weak muscles, belly cramp and skipped heart beat.Arrhythmias, stomach pain and thirst.Fatigue, weak muscles and hunger.Swelling, fatigue and loss of appetite.Which type of Hemodialysis offers more frequent dialysis?Home Hemodialysis.In center hemodialysis.Nocturnal in center hemodialysis.Peritoneal dialysis.Which ones are the two types of Peritoneal dialysis?CCPD and HD.HD and transplant.CAPD and CCPD or APD.None of the above.Dialysis removes:Waste and fluidSugar and sodiumBlood and urineMagnesium and aluminumHow many stages does CKD have?3 stages2 stages5 stages4 stages17. Erythropoietin helps in the production of _____.Red Blood Cells.Iron.Water.Potassium.Peritoneal dialysis uses what membrane as a filter? MucusSkinPeritoneumBloodWhich are two of the National Certification programs:NANT and DavitaFresenius and NxstageBONENT and NNCCANNA and CNNTWhat is osmosis? Movement of fluid from an area of high concentration of solutes to an area of low concentration of solutes.Movement of fluid from an area of low concentration of solutes to an area of high concentration of solutes.Movement of fluid and solutes from one area to another.Movement of solutes to an area where there is more fluid.Pericarditis is swelling around the sac of the heart and it can cause :The patient to be hungry.Pain in the center of the chest.Fluid overload.To maintain the fluid inside the body.A Liter (Lt) is equal to ____ milliliters (ml). : 700150100011000Time is Up!