Hemo Practice Test 3 Enter your text here Name Email The main purpose of the Nephron is to: Form the cortex of the kidney. Eliminate excess water and waste and keep what the body needs. Protect the kidney from outside hazards. Maintain the fluid inside the body.The nephron is divided into two main components: Glomerulus & Tubule Bowman’s capsule & Proximal tubule Renal vein and renal artery Cortex and papillaSymptoms of high sodium (hypernatremia) can include: Increased itching and hunger. Intense thirst, seizures and death. Increase urine and vomits. Intense perspiration and fever.Peritoneal dialysis uses what membrane as a filter? Mucus Skin Peritoneum BloodAnemia is a shortage of ______: Sodium. Energy. Red blood cells. Fluid.The dialysis staff should not eat or drink in the dialysis treatment area of laboratory primarily because doing so Causes unpleasant odors Is unprofessional Is upsetting to patients May spread infectionThe kidney functions include: Removal of wastes, fluid and electrolyte balance, blood pressure control, maintain acid base balance and make hormones. Remove wastes, keep fluid inside the body, give energy, fight bacteria. Blood pressure control, weight management, removal of fat. Removal of bacteria, blood pressure control, make hormones.The “intravascular fluid” is fluid inside the: Abdomen Vessels (Eg. veins, arteries) Heart Lungs16. Uremia is a buildup of ______ in the blood: fluid red blood cells wastes bacteriaThe #1 cause of kidney failure in the US is: High blood pressure. PKD. Diabetes type 2. Diabetes type 1.Symptoms of high potassium(hyperkalemia) include: Weak muscles, belly cramp and skipped heart beat. Arrhythmias, stomach pain and thirst. Fatigue, weak muscles and hunger. Swelling, fatigue and loss of appetite.Pruritis is severe______: Pain. Hunger. Itching. Thirst.Which one is a dangerous infection in hemodialysis? Sore throat infection. Common Cold. Blood stream infection. Skin infection.What is diffusion? Movement of solutes from an area of high concentration of solutes to an area of low concentration of solutes. Movement of fluid and solutes from one area to another. Movement of solutes from an area of low concentration of solutes to an area of high concentration of solutes. Movement of fluid to from one area to another.A Kilogram (Kg) is equal to ____ pounds (Lb). 2 1.2 20 2.2What are the types of vascular accesses for Hemodialysis? AV Fistula, AV Graft and CVC (Central Vein Catheter). AV Fistula, CVC (Central Vein Catheter) and Peritoneal Catheter. AV Graft, AV Fistula and Peritoneal Catheter. AV Graft, CVC (Central Vein Catheter) and Peritoneal Catheter.Sleep apnea is ____ Pain problem. Elimination problem. Sleeping problem. Red blood cell problem. What is PKD? Positive kidney disease. Polycystic kidney disease. Power of kidney disease. Program for kidney diseaseWhat is osmosis? Movement of fluid from an area of high concentration of solutes to an area of low concentration of solutes. Movement of fluid from an area of low concentration of solutes to an area of high concentration of solutes. Movement of fluid and solutes from one area to another. Movement of solutes to an area where there is more fluid.The two main types of kidney disease are: High blood pressures (HBP) and diabetes disease (DM). Acute kidney failure (AKF) and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Cancer (CA) and Polycystic Kidney disease (PKD). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and polycystic kidney disease (PKD).The kidneys help remove fluid that is in: Vessels (Intravascular) Skin Legs FaceIn which stage is dialysis started or patient receives a transplant? Stage 1 Stage 3 Stage 2 Stage 5Amyloidosis can cause: Headache. Carpal tunnel syndrome. Low blood pressure. Anemia.Which of the following is LEAST likely to be a common psychological reaction for patients beginning maintenance dialysis? Depression. Denial. Anxiety. Guilt.17. Erythropoietin helps in the production of _____. Red Blood Cells. Iron. Water. Potassium.What is chronic kidney disease? Long, slow process of Nephron loss. Sudden loss of Nephron. Sudden loss of Neurons. Long, slow process of Neuron loss. Which are two of the National Certification programs: NANT and Davita Fresenius and Nxstage BONENT and NNCC ANNA and CNNTWhich ones are the two main types of dialysis? Nocturnal and home hemodialysis Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis Peritoneal dialysis and transplant Nocturnal in-center dialysisDialysis removes: Waste and fluid Sugar and sodium Blood and urine Magnesium and aluminumNeuropathy is: Nerve damage. Low blood pressure. Low red blood cells. Back pain.Pericarditis is swelling around the sac of the heart and it can cause : The patient to be hungry. Pain in the center of the chest. Fluid overload. To maintain the fluid inside the body.What are the three transplant options? Blood relative, non-relative and deceased donor. Blood relative, auto transplant using stem cells, and living donor list. Non-relative, antibodies living donor list and PKD deceased donor list. None of the aboveWhere are the kidneys located: In the front part of the abdomen. On the back part of the body just above the waist. On the back part of the body below the waist. In the right side of the chest.ESRD means: End Stage Renal Disease Ending Symptoms of Rennin Displacement Extra Satisfactory Renal Domain End Story for Robot DialectHow many stages does CKD have? 3 stages 2 stages 5 stages 4 stagesA Liter (Lt) is equal to ____ milliliters (ml). : 700 150 1000 11000Which of the following are some of the factors that contribute to anemia in a dialysis patients? 1 and 2 only. 1, 2 and 3. 2 and 3 only. 1 and 3 only.How does infection happen? Bacteria – Vehicle – Susceptible Host Susceptible host- bacteria – vehicle Vehicle – bacteria – Susceptible host None of the above.Phosphorus binders help decrease _____ levels in blood. Calcium. Potassium. Phosphorus. Sodium.Which type of Hemodialysis offers more frequent dialysis? Home Hemodialysis. In center hemodialysis. Nocturnal in center hemodialysis. Peritoneal dialysis.What does PPE stand for? Personal problems executed. Personal Protective Equipment. Personal Power Example. Period Protection Environment.Calcitriol is a hormone created by ______: The kidneys. The heart. The liver. The heart.The kidney cells are called: Neurons Stem cells. Nephrons. Melanocytes.Which ones are the two types of Peritoneal dialysis? CCPD and HD. HD and transplant. CAPD and CCPD or APD. None of the above.Patients in hemodialysis could present malnutrition due to lack of appetite as a consequence of what: Uremia. High blood pressure. High blood sugar. None of the above.What are the treatment options for CKD stage 5? Peritoneal dialysis, medication and plenty of water. Transplant, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis, medications and salty foods. Phosphorus binders and water.Patients with which of the following indicate the need for universal precautions? Hepatitis B HIV or AIDS VRE or MRSA All patientsWhich of the following descriptions best defines diffusion? Water molecules moving from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration until equilibrium is reached. Water molecules moving from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration until equilibrium is reached. Particles, in a solution, moving from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration until equilibrium is reached. Water movement across a membrane in response to a hydrostatic differential.What is the single most important step in infection control? Hand wash. PPE. Clean your areas. Disinfect your areas.Patients who receive a transplant should take ________________ for the rest of their life. Blood pressure medication. Blood sugar medication. Immunosuppressant. Antacids.